Shrinking the telescope – "Astronomers have made over the past 50 years is amazing discoveries, we expanded our understanding of the universe and opened humanity's vision beyond the visible part of the electromagnetic spectrum. knowledge that the cosmos was born and many of the phenomena arise grown in a single human life. despite these great strides there is a fundamental question that is largely unanswered. to further understanding of the way the current universe formed after the Big Bang skills in a new Observatory do not currently available or existing terrestrial or space telescope. "
the bigger better terms within it is embodied in our consciousness that just the idea less effective telescope seems to defy the laws of science. Yet, science always supports miniature size telescopes. However, this is a fundamental principle of understanding the focus lock, which deprives us over the centuries. The research provided a complete understanding of this area of science behind optical telescope operation, which contributed to the design of the next generation of telescopes. The size will be introducing a miniature telescope the size of a search engine is already used in current telescopes. Yet, these new generation telescopes solution will have a higher strength than even the highest known telescope.
lens and mirror manufacturing technology has improved considerably over the centuries. Using the computer, lasers, robotics and optics technologies to precision accuracy. Finally, reducing the size of the telescopes in the wearable device as small as a pair of glasses, in the not too distance future. Binoculars soon is very small (a few centimeters long) tube inserted headband. These are the advantages that the precise movement and provides shock-absorbing of the human head. A wide field of view comparable to the naked eye, stunning Focus, Infinity Zoom (limited only by light pollution and disturbance), and the brightness of color photography such as snapshots and live video. Headgear will be convenient, efficient and versatile. The design retains the ability to be customized and upgraded. Almost 400 years of telescope development, we finally have a revolutionary breakthrough science has been able to convert telescopes and create a revolutionary optical instruments to shrink a football-sized search, and finally a pair of glasses. Welcome to the new age technology telescope.
The Impossible made possible – As the technological achievements into the future to find ways to do the impossible. Continuously improve the existing technology by making smaller and more efficient. In many cases, the smaller the more integrated designs increase efficiency broad categories. Now, manufacturing tools suitable microscopic scale, except the optical telescope. Optical Telescope is the only tool that actually grow in size rather than decreasing. As we move forward in research and development of these tools, it grows larger with each new generation. This is all the astronomer's dream, to have access to a high resolving power telescope, but small enough to carry around.
However, it is embedded in our heads that we are unable to increase the resolution of reduced size on one design. In this connection, the engineers continue to build larger and larger devices, which monsters and giants. The reason miniature size telescopes is considered impossible lie not only in optical science, but a vague understanding of the principles of light. It still does not understand the complex interactions involved in both viewing and capturing images, until now. This uncertainty, so there are still two different theories of light. considered as light as a particle that speeds up point A to point B, and can be viewed in the light waves that transmit through the wave motion. If one theory does not make sense to the rest of the staff. Miniature telescopes size is based on the "Theory of Unify Light".
Science – Our eyes are very unique: a young disciple widens between 2 and 7 millimeters, though, the eyes have the opportunity to take photos of thousands of meters in diameter. Wide field of view convincingly proves that we look at pictures of converging rays, not parallel rays. The converging image rays obeys the inverse square law of electromagnetic radiation. The converging rays describe rays convert to points. Therefore, carried by these rays image of the cross-sectional area to reduce long-distance travel. Images collected by the largest telescope aperture, actually step into the eyes of a few millimeters. Small visual angle (real field) to a second-degree, so small brain finds it difficult to isolate the data in the recognition that, when taking into account the entire field of view. These small-angle information, the compression of our large field of view, and it seems that only a small stain or become invisible.
However, enlargement provides the means by which a small visual angles formed larger. The refractor telescope aperture of 30 mm and 120 mm focal length (focal point ratio of f / 4), which has a magnifying power of 5 times, and there is a 5 mm exit pupil. This is a very bright binoculars, 7 millimeter tapping opening close to the maximum of the student. If another telescope was constructed with the same mesh size of 30 millimeters, but it has a focal length of 1200 mm (f / 40). The magnifying power is 50x times. Instead of a 5 mm exit pupil, the exit pupil is now a telescope such as 0.5 millimeters. From the same formula to obtain a 50x times magnifying power and 5 mm exit pupil, the required opening is 300 mm.
refractor telescope does not get affected by disorders without 7 mm exit pupil. In order to do this, telescope designers try to allocate the balance of magnification and brightness. It describes the resolution of this balance. The compromise reduces the brightness, but it increases the magnification and image clarity in equal proportions. The eye plays an important role in finalizing the text shown in the area. They have the ability to influence the field of view, magnification and exit pupil (brightness). A short focal length ocular with great magnifying power, small field of view, and short exit pupil; while a long focal ophthalmic offers a little magnifying power, wide-field and long exit pupil. This example shows that the magnification is inversely proportional to the diameter of the exit pupil and exit pupil is proportional to the brightness.
The larger the right formula, we know that increasing the aperture of the objective to increase the exit pupil, and thus the brightness of the image. A number of optical aberrations restrictions set design modems telescope design. Design of optical systems, optical engineers need to have the opposite effects in controlling aberrations to achieve the desired results. Aberrations any errors that may result in imperfections in the picture. Such errors may result in design or manufacture, or both.
achromatic lenses designed to reduce chromatic aberration created when the white light is broken, but even the best plans, chromatic aberration can not be completely ruled out. Colour is also an error, a secondary effect of the so-called secondary spectrum. The longer the focal ratio, the lighter becomes the secondary spectrum. Color error limits most refractory focal point ratio of f / 15 Headlights, which are less affected by chromatic aberration, is a focal ration of f / 5 commercial design and f / 2.5 professional plans. Within this known telescope design, the various conditions necessary for integrated picture-perfect, thus forcing engineers to compromise, so a close balance will allow for the best possible image.
What if the zoom, focus and brightness can be separated? The new formula âEUR ~ Miniature Size Telescopes "isolates the factors listed and allow all to be tuned for maximum efficiency.
The Desire magnification Powe r " The overwhelmingly Large Telescope (OWL) is a fantastic project which requires international efforts. This huge telescope primary mirror would be more than 100 meters in diameter and is 40 times better resolution than the Hubble Space Telescope. This is a telescope primary mirror the size of a foot ball field. "
should be more magnifying power began in Galilee design. Researches and studies to improve the telescope's magnification shown to increase the magnification is directly proportional to the difference between the focal length of the objective and the eyepiece (ocular) where the ophthalmic lens focal length shorter. two of the competition to build the most powerful telescope began early in the telescope development. the largest of the then compete to dominate the development of new technology.
At this age, telescopic tube has been very long. At times, the length of these pipes can reach, so that stable. in some cases, the tubes are removed from the device design. Tubeless telescopes called antenna telescopes. As telescopes Engineers compete to develop more powerful telescopes they unknowingly met a secondary problem that limits the length and magnification of these premature "refractor 'telescope designs. You notice that the images are dark to increase the magnification. Some how, zooming reduces the amount of light entering the telescope lens and either quit. The explanation for this phenomenon was that enough light can not leave the telescope's eye, the light is not sufficient picked a target. The increase in the aperture size increases the exit pupil and the problem of dark image magnification solved.
At this stage, invented the telescope in development, and only Kepler Galilei- "refractor" telescopes. Lens was taken in the early stages, and it was hard to manufacture quality lenses. High Brightness lenses have an even greater challenge. Refractor Telescope will soon reach "limit the size, but now that the second part of the formula for high resolving known reflector telescope more variation born.
To date, almost 400 years later, the same formula is still used. Modem improvement only increases the optical qualities can now be used with modification minimal aberration. now you can build bigger telescopes on the resolving power and brightness are not taught possible in the time of Galileo, but the formula used in developing these modem means the same as the earliest designs and larger, more better. the bigger is better formula is not without limitations. For example, chromatic aberration limits the brightness of a refractor telescope, which requires a focal ratio of f / T 5 eliminate secondary spectrum aberrations. the required contact ratio limits the collection of photographs and abilities refractor. Reflectors does not affect the secondary effect spectrum. Focal ratio range ff2.5 reasonable exit pupil when requiring nearly 7 millimeters. However, any attempt to increase the magnification telescopes including reflectors, while the brightness, you will need to increase the aperture and focal length equal proportions. It is these characteristics that make the sentence âEUR ~ bigger is better "so compelling
Previous limitations -.. Rewarded us with the light of the principles Understanding of advanced optical technology of this article is written, . to introduce a breakthrough in the research and development of small telescopes most large telescopes manufacturer informs that enlargement is not a priority, and that the brightness should be a more pronounced concern receiver when shopping for a telescope magnification and brightness are important for viewing. and capturing distant images, but the most important factor for the data to include an image in focus. all the basic principle when capturing an image focus less well known. awareness is the center of the image, and how to achieve focus images can be easily calculated, but what about the electrodynamics interactions that are members of the focus of the picture is still unanswered
design of all optical devices around the focus,. so you will always be a top priority for the development of a clear picture. Magnification and brightness are of secondary importance, these are the results after the field. This is the critical distance focus is to determine the maximum magnification and brightness, which they viewed a picture. Zoom described in converting small visual angle (real field) activities of larger (apparent field), it provides a change in the angle at which the image rays received so tricking the brain into believing that the object or closer to, or greater than it really. If it were not for the need to focus on a convex lens âEUR "a magnifying glass would be a telescope capable of infinite zoom scale, by the action of simply distance varying believed the eye. Unfortunately, there is critical remote, where the images focused on a single lens or even a system of lenses is also known as the critical distance, the focus
We concentrate Webster's Dictionary..? fo-ke the distinctness and clarity with which the optical system makes the photo
four hundred years of history -.. the discovery of distant magnification was an accident Early lens manufacturer, Jan Lippershey experimented with two different lenses when he discovered the effects of distant magnification, we found that in the hands of one. a negative lens close to the eye, while a positive lens in line with the first eyes to see distant objects is much closer than would be possible with the naked eye. Since then, research to understand and explain the science behind the magic tools even being attempted. Even with today's technology, telescope designers are still faced with significant design constraints and challenges to forge a compromise telescope size, brightness and sharpness. Scientists have always been puzzled by the nature of light. Sir Isaac Newton, light as a stream of tiny particles travel straight. Christian Huygens Dutch scientists, on the other hand, so that the light waves material was called the ether, what hypothetical filling space, including a vacuum. Huygens concept has become accepted as the better of the two theories. Today, however, scientists believe that light is a stream of tiny pockets of energy called photons wave.
The Bigger is Better Formula – "The telescope, which is 10 times the collecting area of every telescope ever built, you would be able to go down several thousand times fainter than the faintest thing. I see todayâEUR ~ s telescopes. "
the formula that is known with telescopes for centuries development is pretty basic, well-known and proven- bigger the better. This is the same as that of the larger aperture brighter images, while in the case of longer focal lengths greater magnification. Even so, it's a formula set in stone? Suppose the formula to the test. It may be acquired without the long focal length lens with high magnification? The answer is yes. Microscope, which is very high magnification relatively short focal length lens. It is possible to collect the light without a large aperture size? Again, the answer is yes. Microscope is proof of this. So why is it that high-magnification microscopes provide sufficient brightness is a relatively small, while the telescopes can not? This shows that neither brightness can not zoom in on the act, but the device design limitations that cling to the concept that bigger is better. Kepler telescope functions of a basic design as seen through a microscope, the other end of the tube. The fact that the telescope is essentially inverted microscope, you can see that close relationship between the two.
The international standard microscope ensures full pupil size as 400x magnifying power, even with such a microscope is a tube of less than 20 centimeters in length. Sufficient light is reflected from the "flat-o-convex mirror is less than 7 cm in diameter. In order to make the same brightness and magnifying power of a telescope focal ratio of f / 2.5 is recommended exit pupil nearly 7 mm. Such a telescope requires an opening of 320 cm ( 3.2 meters), and a focal length of 800 cm (8 meters), calculating roughly a 20 mm eye. This is an increase of almost 50 times in size. This shows that the brightness is not limited to limited to the high-brightness or zoom in long focal lengths. however, the "bigger is better" formula design limitations that surface only in distant magnification. focus on distant images is more challenging than focusing on close images. We can prove it only magnifying glass that is held close to the eyes. Objects more then 2/3 focal length of the lens is out of focus.
design of all optical systems around the focus. in order to change the magnification and brightness, attention is considered to be stable. We can impair brightness and magnification Visa a- verse, but we will never endanger your focus. Therefore, instead of saying that magnification M is inversely proportional to the light intensity, it is also accurate to say that magnification m is equal to the focus divided by the brightness B, which focus on a constant D.
M = D / B
magnification (M) = constant focus on information, (D) / Brightness (B) within an optical telescope design, all three factors are integrated. Focus was the primary factor in making a clean image, while the zoom and brightness can also serve as a secondary factor in the appearance of a focused image. Known optical systems, focus, brightness, zoom in and inseparable. The resolving power is used to summarize the performance of a telescope. Create the telescope is able to imprint details within an image. An image of an imprint on some of the points that come together to form a complete picture. Magnifying images are providing these points. Light magnification is much different from the picture to zoom in and magnify images obtained by changing the angle of the light.
But there is a breakthrough question, what if these three important factors can be isolated and separately tuned? Hm mm. Telescope engineering will not be the same again, and the science of astronomy will explode.